Story of Third Front politics In Bharatham - Last Part-4.
Sub : Story of Third Front politics In Bharatham - Part-1.
Ref : Media Reports : War preparations by Lalu + his grand alliance + Communists + Mamta+Kejariwal +Sarad Pawar +++++ sundries
Respected family members of this great holy Nation.
Flash back -4.
LALU + MULAYAM + CONGRESS : - ASSOCIATION -
I.K.GUJRAL GOVERNMENT :
Gujral's became prime minister as the consensus candidate between others that included Lalu Prasad Yadav, Mulayam Singh Yadav; his government was supported by the INC from outside.
LALU IN CURRUPTION CASE :
1. In the early weeks of his tenure, the Central Bureau of Investigation asked for the permission to prosecute the state Chief Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav, in a corruption case related to the Fodder Scam, from the Governor of Bihar A. R. Kidwai, a move that Kidwai sanctioned.
2. Even legal scholars said that Yadav could not escape prosecution.
3. Subsequently the demand for the resignation of Yadav was raised both from within and outside the United Front.
4. United Front and Telugu Desam Party leader Chandrababu Naidu and Communist Party of India (Marxist) General Secretary Harkishen Singh Surjeet called for action against Yadav and other RJD members resignation; while the same was said by JD members Sharad Yadav, H. D. Deve Gowda and Ram Vilas Paswan who called for the dismissal of accused RJD members Kanti Singh, Raghuvansh Prasad Singh and Captain Jai Narain Nishad.
5. Though INC chairperson Sitaram Kesri offered minor calls for Yadav's resignation.
GUJRAL TROUBLE STARTED - 1.
6. Yadav then offered Gujral support to run from any Lok Sabha constituency in Bihar to get his support.
7. Gujral, however, was silent on the matter, but later controversially transferred the CBI director Joginder Singh, who was investigating the case against Yadav, and replaced him with R. C. Sharma, who said Gujral would directly control the CBI and that the pace of investigating many sensational cases "will definitely slacken now."
8. However, Yadav was still expelled from the party by JD leader Sharad Yadav, before forming his own Rashtriya Janata Dal in 1997.
ANOTHER MISTAKE BY GUJRAL -2.
1. Another controversial decision of his government was its recommendation of President's rule in Uttar Pradesh in 1997.
2. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Uttar Pradesh government, headed by Kalyan Singh. sought a vote of confidence after violence and unruly scenes took place in the assembly.
3. However President K.R. Narayanan refused to sign the recommendation and sent it back to the government for reconsideration.
4. The Allahabad High Court also gave a decision against President's rule in Uttar Pradesh.
5. He also resisted signing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
TROUBLE WITH DMK & TAMIL POLITICS-3.
1. On 28 August 1997, the Jain Commission report was submitted to the government and was leaked on 16 November.
2. The commission had inquired into the conspiracy aspects of the Rajiv Gandhi assassination and reportedly criticised the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), amongst others such as the Narasimha Rao government, for tacitly supporting Tamil militants accused in Gandhi's assassination.
3. The DMK was part of the ruling coalition at the center and had ministers in the Union Cabinet.
4. The Congress first demanded the tabling of the report on the floor of the parliament, which was refused by Gujral, who feared a battle between the DMK and the Tamil Maanila Congress would lead to the DMK's withdrawal from the government.
5. Gujral later formed a Joint Parliamentary Committee to study the report after informing Sitaram Keshri of the decision, to which Keshri acceded.
6. INC parliamentary party leader Sharad Pawar said they would call for the resignation of anyone implicated in the report.
7. Gujral convened the government to inform them of the updates and said it supported the DMK.
8. The DMK's Industry Minister Murasoli Maran said: "We are part of the United Front.
9. We will stand and fall together.
10. I am hundred per cent confident of that.
11. If it were so easy to break the United Front, then it will be called the disunited front.
12. No one is going to ditch their colleagues for a few loaves of power.
13. We have no reason to quit at all.
14. The report is full of recycled news.
15. There is nothing startling about it, everybody already knows what the report is saying.
16. A Madras court is expected to give its verdict on a criminal case on the assassination on January 28.
17. Let us wait till then to know who was involved in the dastardly act. Until then, all this is disinformation."
18. However, the Tamil Maanila Congress called for the DMK, who were in a coalition government in Tamil Nadu, to share all actions it would undertake.
19. The report was tabled on 20 November 1997.
GUJRAL ALMOST CORNERED-4.
1. The same day there were angry scenes in parliament as the INC then called for the DMK's removal from the cabinet and refused to partake in any parliamentary debate until that happened.
2. Speaker P.A. Sangma then adjourned the house.
3. The INC finally withdrew support from his government on 28 November after Gujral sent Kesri a letter saying he would not dismiss any DMK leaders.
FALL OF GUJRAL-5.
1. Gujral resigned following the withdrawal and sent a letter to President K. R. Narayanan that read: "My government has lost its majority and does not want to continue in office on moral grounds," but did not call for the dissolution of parliament.
2. The president accepted the resignation, but asked for Gujral to stay on in an interim capacity.
3. INC General Secretary Oscar Fernandes then said: "All the secular parties are welcome to support a government which will be attempted by the Congress."
4. The United Front's leader Chandrababu Naidu got the support of all the constituents saying they would neither support the INC nor the Bharatiya Janata Party, as did the TMC, saying they would not allow a "U.P.-like situation to happen in the centre."
5. In similar measure, BJP leader M. Venkaiah Naidu said the party would "throttle" INC attempts to form a new government.
6. The president then dissolved parliament on 4 December, triggering a snap election.
Gujral Doctrine :- WRONG IDEA!!
1. The Gujral Doctrine is a set of five principles to guide the conduct of foreign relations with India’s immediate neighbours, notably Pakistan, as spelt out by Gujral.
2. The doctrine was later termed as such by journalist Bhabani Sen Gupta in his article, India in the Twenty First Century in International Affairs.
3. These principles are, as he set out at Chatham House in September 1996 (which he later reiterated at the Bandaranaike Centre for International Studies:
4. The United Front Government’s neighbourhood policy now stands on five basic principles: First, with the neighbours like Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives and Sri Lanka, India does not ask for reciprocity but gives all that it can in good faith and trust.
5. Secondly, no South Asian country will allow its territory to be used against the interest of another country of the region.
6. Thirdly, none will interfere in the internal affairs of another.
7. Fourthly, all South Asian countries must respect each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.
8. And finally, they will settle all their disputes through peaceful bilateral negotiations.
These five principles, scrupulously observed, will, I am sure, recast South Asia’s regional relationship, including the tormented relationship between India and Pakistan, in a friendly, cooperative mould.
CRITISISM AGAINST THE DOCTRINE-
1. He wrote in his autobiography of the doctrine: "The logic behind the Gujral Doctrine was that since we had to face two hostile neighbours in the north and the west, we had to be at ‘total peace’ with all other immediate neighbours in order to contain Pakistan’s and China’s influence in the region."
2. Following a series of attacks attributed by the Indian media and government to originating from and planned in Pakistan throughout the 2000s, culminating with the 2008 Mumbai attacks, the Gujral Doctrine was criticised by the Indian media.
3. Following the attack, India Today said targeted, covert strikes against Pakistani organisation, such as Lashkar-e-Taiba, were a "capability that I.K. Gujral dismantled as prime minister over a decade ago will take over a year to rebuild."
4. The Gujral Doctrine had a debilitating impact on R&AW’s ability to conduct intelligence operations in Pakistan.
5. Strategic affairs specialists point out that on Mr. Gujral’s directions, the Pakistan special operations desk of R&AW was shut down, leading to a major gap in India’s intelligence capabilities.
6. Analysts blame this as one of the key factors that led to the intelligence failure before the Kargil war commenced.
7. Over the years, particularly after a series of terrorist attacks, the Gujral Doctrine came to be criticised particularly IK Gujral’s decision to dismantle India’s military ability to launch covert strikes against groups like the Lashkar-e-Taiba.
8. In 1997 , Congress withdrew support to H. D. Deve Gowda government and it collapsed . To avoid general election a compromise was stitched and Inder Kumar Gujral was sworn in as the 12th Prime Minister of India on April 21 , 1997 .
GUJRAL FINAL ATTEMPT FOR SURVIVAL-
The snap election was held in February–March 1998.
Gujral contested again from Jalandhar as Janata Dal candidate with the support of the Shiromani Akali Dal.
The Akali Dal, though a part of BJP-led coalition, opted to support Gujral because during his Prime Ministerial tenure, Gujral declared that the central government will share the expenses against the insurgency in Punjab during the 1980s and early 1990s, along with the state government of Punjab.
IK Gujral & HD Gowda : - THE TWO FAILED IN PM POST
1. What: The Gujral Doctrine was envisioned in the year 1996, under the HD Deve Gowda Government wherein IK Gujral served as the Minister of External Affairs. Between 1997-1998, he was appointed as the Prime Minister of India.
2. Formed with a noble intention, the Doctrine was aimed at building trust between India and its immediate neighbours, given the rising power and growing influence of Pakistan and China.
3. The Doctrine stated that solutions to bilateral issues must be achieved through bilateral talks and negotiations, and asserted the significance of unilateral accommodation for sociable and warm relations with India’s neighbours given that India was the largest country in South Asia.
4. Impact: No doubt there were some positives that came out of the Gujral Doctrine such as an agreement with Bangladesh to share the waters of the Ganga, and the identification of eight areas of negotiation between India and Pakistan in order to build trust and confidence between the two nations.
5. But unfortunately, even these encouraging actions weren’t enough to counter the incapacitating impact the Doctrine had on the Country’s Research and Analysis Wing’s (R&AW) capability to conduct intelligence operations in Pakistan.
6. Specifically, the Pakistan special operations desk of R&AW was shut down under Prime Minister IK Gujral’s directions, a decision which was largely held responsible for the major intelligence failure ahead of the Kargil War.
7. More recently, the Doctrine was heavily criticised after the Mumbai terrorist attack in 2008, especially his decision to take apart India’s military ability to launch stealthy strikes against groups like the Lashkar-e-Taiba.
8. As I have stated earlier , as a Prime Minister he supported the dismissal of Kalyan Singh government of Uttar Pradesh in 1997 and tried to impose president rule . The then president of India K. R. Narayanan refused to sign the recommendation and sent it back . Inder Kumar Gujral government had egg on its face when Allahabad High Court also gave decision against the President’s rule . He had to eat crow .
9. His another controversial legacy is his (in) famous ” Gujral Doctrine ” . According to this doctrine India , being a big brother , should not demand reciprocity while dealing with her immediate neighbours like ; Pakistan , Nepal , Bangladesh , Bhutan , Maldives and Sri Lanka . Without caring or demanding for any kind of reciprocity , India should give all she can with generosity and magnanimity .
10. Though I have all the respect for this erudite statesman , I submit with all the humility that ” Gujral Doctrine “ is flawed . 26 / 11 and other terrorist incidents are ample proof of the futility of ” Gujral Doctrine ” .
1. Congress ruled the country maximum number of years ubder one family, with few exemptions in minor roles.
2. This so called National party lost its time, now almost decayed, in the hands of Rahul, who put maximum effort in abusing PM. MODI AND BJP.
in frustration and loss of direction....
3. We have seen in these parts of topic how miserable the Governments under the third front grand alliances!!!
4. Hence No honest dedicated citizen wish TO EXPERIMENT another third front under LALU + MULAYAM + MAYAVATI + CONGRESS + COMMUNISTS ++++++
5. Sri Modi is performing well, let us give full support .....
My View Points
1. The so called writers, intellectuals, cinema artists, should stop all foolish statements, returning of awards, ....
2. If these many if you do not have anything to contribute do not interefere, other honest dedicated citizens good intentions, in supporting Sri Modi.
3. LESS TALK AND MORE WORK : FOLLOW THE PM MODI AND HIS GOOD INTENTIONS ........
Thank you for reading
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