MIND : ITS MYSTERIES AND CONTROL : 8-3 - 3: 3 & 4.
Chapter 8 -THE MENTAL FACULTIES : 3.
3. THE SIX IMPORTANT POWERS OF MIND :- 3 & 4.
You have never seen an elephant riding a cycle.
When a man, who has actually seen it, gives you a description, your mind forms a mental picture at once.
This is done by the Bhavana-Sakti (power of imagination) of the mind.
4. Manisha-Sakti :-
Power of comparing and contrasting, drawing inferences, discussion, conclusion, all belong to Manisha-Sakti of the mind.
The Manisha-Sakti (power of judgment) has got two subdivisions, viz., Nirnaya (ascertainment) and Tarka (logical reasoning).
A is mortal. B is mortal. C is mortal. Again, all men are mortal.
Mr. Choudhary is a man.
Therefore, Choudhary is mortal.
These sorts of drawing conclusions through inductive and deductive logic with major and minor premises and middle term or through the five parts of
syllogistic reasoning of Gautama Rishis Indian Logic (Nyaya) are done by Manisha-Sakti of the mind with the help of Nirnaya and Tarka.
Tarka has got two other subdivisions, viz., Anumana (inference) and Paramarsa (discussion).
When you see a river in full flood in the morning, you infer that there ought to have been rain during previous night.
When you see smoke on the hills, you infer that there ought to be fire also on the hill.
This is due to Anumana.
Next : 5. Ichha-Sakti
To be continued ...